The Dolomites with their wealth and variability of habitats have supported the settlement and the diffusion of numerous animal species, which have adapted admirably also to the most extreme conditions. So, it isn't neither difficult nor rare, above all during the summer excursions, to have exciting close encounters with squirrels and roe deers, marmots and foxes, or to notice a beautiful specimen of golden eagle twirl in the sky.
Numerous are also chamoises, whose herds are particularly common in the area of the Ampezzo Dolomites Natural Park and in National Park of Dolomiti Bellunesi, and deers, whereas more difficult is the sighting of steinbocks, badgers and ermines. The mouflon is present in the Marmolada area, in San Tomaso Agordino, in Vallada Agordina, in Alleghe, in Gosaldo and in Arabba, in the municipality of Livinallongo del Col di Lana.
Among birds, beyond the already mentioned golden eagle, there are also woodpeckers and owls, united by the common habit to live in tree hollows, the partridge, well-known for its seasonal plumage molt and the magnificent grouse, which is present and prolific in the less disturbed areas, and therefore very difficult to see.