"Dolomia" is the name of the particular type of rock predominant in this region.
The unique mix of minerals present in the rock gives the mountains a special light shade, which is why they are also called "the pale mountains". However, at sunset and sunrise the Dolomites are set ablaze by the rays of the sun in a spectacle of colours ranging from pink to fiery red. This is the effect of the famous Enrosadira, or Alpenglow.
Two hundred and fifty million years ago, these mountains were a mass of shells, corals and algae, submerged in tropical seas. Emerging 70 million years ago, and eroded by time and weather, today they represent a magnificent geological treasure and give the landscape an incomparable beauty.
Cortina d'Ampezzo is the perfect place to wander and discover this uniquely beautiful world of immense vertical walls, spires and pinnacles, green valleys, high mountain pastures, forests, streams, alpine lakes, canyons and waterfalls. Professional mountain guides are available to help visitors get to know the Dolomites, the stories, and the flora and fauna that live here.


Cortina offers more than 400 kilometers of signposted footpaths and hiking trails through meadows and forests, including itineraries with wonderful views – such as the Col Rosà route which takes you to the Fanes waterfalls, or a trip to the magnificent natural caves of the Tofana di Rozes.


A via ferrata, literally an 'iron path', is an equipped climbing route leading to a summit or other alpine destination, equipped with cables, chains, rungs and other fixed anchor points such ladders or wooden walkways.
For experienced hikers, taking on a via ferrata is often top of their wish list. And nowhere compares with the Dolomites in terms of the number and sheer beauty of these equipped paths: there is a huge variety to choose from, ranging from short, relatively easy climbs to seriously challenging ones requiring a good level of physical fitness.

There are 15,560 m of equipped paths and vie ferrate for you to tackle, armed with all the right equipment including carabiners and harness, but also experience and knowledge of the mountains.

There are endless miles of vertical challenges for climbing enthusiasts, with free climbing and dedicated climbing areas: 6 peaks above 3000 m, 850 free climbing itineraries, 1000 classic and modern climbing routes.


Lovers of the Mountain Bike (MTB) love Cortina d'Ampezzo too, with fun and thrills guaranteed by at least 16 biking trails suitable for families and MTB enthusiasts alike.  For those hooked on downhill biking, a Bike Pass is available to allow bikes to travel uphill on lift facilities.
Even the most challenging routes and ambitious destinations become accessible to everyone, thanks to the E-Bike. The bike rentals in Cortina d'Ampezzo have numerous latest generation electric MTBs available.

Climbing, via ferrata and of course MTB!
Thrilling descents and ascents, accompanied by mountain guides. After demanding ascents along the via ferrata routes of the Ampezzo valley, experience the thrill of adrenaline-fueled freeride descents by
mountain bike. Feel the satisfaction of conquering the summit, before enjoying the speed of the descent - a different way to enjoy the mountain.
Cortina d’Ampezzo also offers unforgettable experiences for road cyclists. The Dolomite mountain Passes are perfect for the sport of road biking.
The Dolomite Bike Road, along the Former railway, is suitable for all cyclists, and perfect for a family outing with children.
From Cortina d'Ampezzo you can either head for Calalzo, 18 mi (30 km) towards the south, or for Dobbiaco, 18 mi (30 km) north, following the route of the former railway line. The journey unfolds in an untainted landscape animated by the beauty of nature and by delightful architectonic souvenirs as you cross bridges, skirt lakes and pass through tunnels, woods and old railway stations, some of them restored as snack bars.